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Word Study


Virtuous = Strong's #2428 (chayil) wealth, virtue, valor, strength

Gesenius' #2428 strength, power, might, valor, ability, uprightness, integrity
#2342 #6 to be strong or firm; verbs that have the significance of binding or twisting, are applied to strength.

Syriac Text = strong, powerful, virile

Ruth 3:11 "All the city of my people know that thou art a virtuous (chayil) woman".  Could she possibly have been called a woman of might, power or valor?

Proverbs 31:10 "Who can find a virtuous woman? For her price is far above rubies."

Virtuous does not represent the teaching of the original text.  It should be noted that the only time the word is translated virtuous is when it refers to women.  This appears to be a deliberate move by translators to impose their concept of what a woman should be upon the text. 

Bushnell #632: to sum up this Hebrew word chayil, which is used over 200 times in the Hebrew Bible, we see in every instance where it relates to women, and nowhere else, is it translated "virtue," i.e. chastity.

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